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Brachial plexus anaesthesia in children Temena

Ultrasound guidance for infraclavicular brachial plexus anaesthesia in children

Summary:

Ultrasonography may offer significant advantages in regional anaesthesia of the upper and lower limbs. It is not known if the same advantages demonstrated in adults also apply to children. We therefore performed a prospective, randomised study comparing ultrasound visualisation to conventional nerve stimulation for infraclavicular brachial plexus anasesthesia in children. Forty children scheduled for arm and forearm surgery underwent infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks with ropivacaine 0.5 ml.kg)1 guided by either nerve stimulation or ultrasound visualisation.